This was the second time the city has hosted the Asian Games and was also the first Asian Games to be held under the aegis of the Olympic Council of Asia. and is served on a plantain leaf. The Delhi sultanate reached its greatest extent during the reign of Muhammad bin Tughluq (1325–1351). Flowers and pankhe—fans embroidered with flowers—are offered to the shrine of the 13th-century Sufi saint Khwaja Bakhtiyar Kaki and the Yogmaya Temple, both situated in Mehrauli. , Lassi is a traditional dahi (yogurt)-based drink in India. , Indian filter coffee is popular in Southern India. Qutb-ud-din assumed control of Ghori's Indian possessions, and laid the foundation of the Delhi Sultanate and the Mamluk dynasty. Pooris and kachoris are eaten on special occasions. It has its own legislature, high court and a council of executive ministers. While Sindh is not geographically a part of modern India, its culinary traditions persist, due to the sizeable number of Hindu Sindhis who migrated to India following the independence of Pakistan in 1947, especially in Sindhi enclaves such as Ulhasnagar and Gandhidam. Terminal 3, which cost ₹96.8 billion (US$1.4 billion) to construct between 2007 and 2010, handles an additional 37 million passengers annually.  Many types of meat are used for Indian cooking, but chicken and mutton tend to be the most commonly consumed meats. Typical snacks include bikaneri bhujia, mirchi bada, Pyaaj Kachori, and Dal Kachori. Chaat, samosa, and pakora, among the most popular snacks in India, originate from Uttar Pradesh. North Indian people prefer roti, parathas, and a vegetable dish accompanied by achar (a pickle) and some curd. It is the home ground of the Delhi cricket team, which represents the city in the Ranji Trophy, the premier Indian domestic first-class cricket championship.  Phase-II has a total length of 128 km and was completed by 2010. , The premier management colleges of Delhi such as Faculty of Management Studies (Delhi) and Indian Institute of Foreign Trade rank the best in India. The southern provinces then broke away. The people of Delhi are referred to as Delhiites or Dilliwalas. High-profile restaurants have gained popularity in recent years, among the popular restaurants are the Karim Hotel, the Punjab Grill and Bukhara. Malwani cuisine is a specialty of the tropical area which spans from the shore of Deogad Malwan to the southern Maharashtrian border with Goa. They are however very similar to the cuisines of Southeast/East/Central Asia, Siberia, Micronesia and Polynesia. Dwarka Sub City, Asia's largest planned residential area, is located within the National Capital Territory of Delhi. The Constitution (Sixty-ninth Amendment) Act, 1991 declared the Union Territory of Delhi to be formally known as the National Capital Territory of Delhi. Fish, chicken, pork and beef are popular meats among Mizos. Palm wine, locally known as Neera, is a sap extracted from inflorescences of various species of toddy palms. Local food consists of spicy nonvegetarian and vegetarian dishes. Channa and moong are also processed into flour (besan).  Through most of its history, Delhi has served as a capital of various kingdoms and empires, most notably the Pandavas, the Delhi Sultanate and the Mughal Empire. Hyderabadi cuisine includes popular delicacies such as Biryani, Haleem, Baghara baingan and Kheema, while Hyderabadi day to day dishes see some commonalities with Telanganite Telugu food, with its use of tamarind, rice, and lentils, along with meat. , Sindhi cuisine refers to the native cuisine of the Sindhi people from the Sindh region, now in Pakistan. Equally, varieties in the cuisine of Karnataka have similarities with its three neighbouring South Indian states, as well as the states of Maharashtra and Goa to its north. While many ancient Indian recipes have been lost in history, one can look at ancient texts to see what was eaten in ancient and pre-historic India. Dinner is considered the main meal of the day..  Delhi is often regarded as the "Book Capital" of India because of high readership. A popular dish is bai, made from boiling vegetables (spinach, eggplant, beans, and other leafy vegetables) with bekang fermented soya beans or Sa-um, a fermented pork and served with rice. Popular spicy meat dishes include those that originated in the Kolhapur region. These include milk and other dairy products (such as dahi), fruit and Western food items such as sago, potatoes, purple-red sweet potatoes, amaranth seeds, nuts and (shama millet). Kashmiri cuisine has evolved over hundreds of years. Delhi is also the centre of the National Capital Region (NCR), which is a unique 'interstate regional planning' area created by the National Capital Region Planning Board Act of 1985. , Delhi's culture has been influenced by its lengthy history and historic association as the capital of India, Although a strong Punjabi Influence can be seen in language, Dress and Cuisine brought by the large number of refugees who came following the partition in 1947 the recent migration from other parts of India has made it a melting pot. Delhi has a large variety of street food from all over India as well as some from abroad. A typical meal consists of rice, meat, a chutney, a couple of stewed or steamed vegetable dishes – flavored with ngari or akhuni.  Many varieties of rice are used. Another popular dish is the savory cake called Paknam, made of a base of lentil flour stuffed with various ingredients such as banana inflorescence, mushrooms, fish, vegetables etc., and baked covered in turmeric leaves. Indian Chinese cuisine, also known as Indo-Chinese cuisine originated in the 19th century among the Chinese community of Calcutta, during the immigration of Hakka Chinese from Canton (present-day Guangzhou) seeking to escape the First and Second Opium Wars and political instability in the region. East Bengali food, which has a high presence in West Bengal and Bangladesh, is much spicier than the West Bengali cuisine, and tends to use high amounts of chilli, and is one of the spiciest cuisines in India and the World. Examples include: The area around Delhi was probably inhabited before the second millennium BCE and there is evidence of continuous inhabitation since at least the 6th century BCE. The union territory of Puducherry was a French colony for around 200 years, making French cuisine a strong influence on the area. Ingredients and preferred types of dessert vary by region. , The UK's first Indian restaurant, the Hindoostanee Coffee House, opened in 1810. , During the Indian Rebellion of 1857, Delhi fell to the forces of East India Company after a bloody fight known as the Siege of Delhi. Local people also prefer to have dosa, idlis, and various rice dishes. Punjabi cuisine is common, due to the dominance of Punjabi communities. Delhi is also identified as the location of Indraprastha, the ancient capital of the Pandavas.  In 2003, Delhi won the United States Department of Energy's first 'Clean Cities International Partner of the Year' award for its "bold efforts to curb air pollution and support alternative fuel initiatives". Download Wikipedia for Android or iOS Save your favorite articles to read offline, sync your reading lists across devices and customize your reading experience with the official Wikipedia app. Fish head curry, for example, is a local creation. , Delhi has the highest road density of 2103 km/100 km2 in India.