The pyramidal shape of the crown becomes rounded with a graceful, somewhat pendulous branching habit, and grows to a height of 40 to 50 feet and width of 10 to 20 feet. The thin sheets of bark that peel off young wood contain a waxy resin and are easy to ignite even when wet. Watch for leaf spot problems. [20] This disease also affects B. pubescens and in 2000 was reported at many of the sites planted with birch in Scotland during the 1990s. This tree has an attractive pendulous habit. [8], The branches of the silver birch often have tangled masses of twigs known as witch's brooms growing among them, caused by the fungus Taphrina betulina. The White Birch of Europe has been introduced into southern Canada and northern parts of the U.S. Smooth in young trees, the bark gets rugged at the base in older trees. Light Needs. Many North American texts treat the two species as conspecific (and cause confusion by combining the downy birch's alternative vernacular name 'white birch', with the scientific name B. pendula of the other species), but they are regarded as distinct species throughout Europe. Golden brown on twigs and young branches, the bark matures to silvery white with black clefts. SEE PRICING & PLANS. use escape to move to top level menu parent. Use left and right arrow keys to navigate between menus and submenus. Infected trees exhibit symptoms such as brown blotches or spots on the leaves, severe defoliation, a weakened immune system and stunted leaf … Our communities. In the spring, large quantities of sap rise up the trunk and this can be tapped. The European White Birch is a handsome small tree, growing rapidly to 15 or 20 feet tall, and ultimately reaching 30 to 40 feet in height. Smooth in … Toothy, diamond-shaped foliage emerges glossy green in spring. Marssonia leaf spot is noted by the University of Illinois Cooperative Extension as a disease that affects European white birch and only a few other tree species. European white birch was once used extensively in landscapes, but its high susceptibility to the bronze birch borer has limited its use in more recent years. Use left and right arrow keys to navigate between menus and submenus. The European white birch, as its name suggests is a species native to Europe and some parts of Asia. Quarter-cut is rarely available in suitable quality and leaf widths: Matching: Book-matched This veneer is normally Book-matched. Its range extends into Siberia, China, and southwest Asia in the mountains of northern Turkey, the Caucasus, and northern Iran. It can in time spread as much as 30 feet across, although usually it will be just 20 feet wide. The European white birch (B. pendula, sometimes erroneously called B. alba), also known as silver birch or common birch, has slender, drooping branches and small, sharp-pointed leaves about 6 cm (2 inches) long. No need to register, buy now! [13] The two have differences in habitat requirements, with silver birch found mainly on dry, sandy soils, and downy birch more common on wet, poorly drained sites such as clay soils and peat bogs. It is sometimes used as a pioneer and nurse tree elsewhere. European White Birch is a medium-sized deciduous tree. We studied the between-tree and within-tree variation in the composition and content of foliar low-molecular-weight phenolics (LMWP) of European white birch (Betula pendula Roth) during the unfolding of vegetative buds and during early leaf development. The following menu has 3 levels. [17], The larvae of a large number of species of butterflies, moths, and other insects feed on the leaves and other parts of the silver birch. [26], Birch brushwood is used for racecourse jumps and besom brooms. Fruits are small, winged nutlets held in pendulous catkins. The predominant miner on white birch in recent years has been Messa nana. European white birch. From top level menus, use escape to exit the menu. Growing European White Birch Trees. [9], B. pendula is considered a species of least concern by the IUCN Red List. European weeping birch is, true to its common name, native to Europe, but found in patchy locales around New England. Slabs of bark are used for making roof shingles and strips are used for handicrafts such as wooden footwear and small containers. Avoid pruning in spring as birches are bleeders and will lose large quantities of sap. The bark remains smooth until the tree gets quite large, but in older trees, the bark thickens, becoming irregular, dark, and rugged. Fenusa pusilla, on the other hand prefers gray birch or gray birch hybrids. The graceful, arching, open-branched pyramidal form when young matures to a stately oval to rounded form in time. It is noted for attracting wildlife. The European birch is susceptible to a few diseases: canker disease, dieback and Marssonina leaf spot. [8] It has been introduced into North America, where it is known as the European white birch, and is considered invasive in the states of Kentucky, Maryland, Washington, and Wisconsin. Huge collection, amazing choice, 100+ million high quality, affordable RF and RM images. Bark of European white birch G. Lumis: Leaf of European white birch G. Lumis: Scientific Name: Betula pendula. In midsummer, the female catkins mature and the male catkins expand and release pollen, and wind pollination takes place. Explore this online platform for Chicago-area residents to share their favorite stories about trees. [4], The leaves have short, slender stalks and are 3 to 7 cm (1.2 to 2.8 in) long, triangular with broad, untoothed, wedge-shaped bases, slender pointed tips, and coarsely double-toothed, serrated margins. In white birch. It has been introduced into North America, where it is known as the European white birch, and is considered invasive in some states in the United States and parts of Canada. Purple Rain® European White Birch Betula pendula 'Monle' Sku #1236. AUDIO. The bark on the trunk and branches is golden-brown at first, but later this turns to white as a result of papery tissue developing on the surface and peeling off in flakes, in a similar manner to the closely related paper birch (B. papyrifera). [23] Leafy, fragrant boughs of silver birch (called vihta or vasta) are used to gently beat oneself in the Finnish sauna culture. Download 1,048 European White Birch Tree Stock Photos for FREE or amazingly low rates! This tree has an attractive pendulous habit. The… Read More Due to susceptibility to bronze birch borer (BBB), European white birch is not recommended for planting anywhere in this region and usually require removal and/or replacement. [21] In the United States, the wood is attacked by the bronze birch borer (Agrilus anxius), an insect pest to which it has no natural resistance. [1] The synonym Betula oycowiensis (as B. oycoviensis) was previously listed on the Red List as vulnerable,[22] though it is now considered a synonym of B. pendula subsp. The fine, weeping branches of the tree as well as its beautiful autumn color make it a wonderful addition to your landscape design. Small shrubs that grow on the forest floor include blaeberry (Vaccinium myrtillus) and cowberry (Vaccinium vitis-idaea). 'Youngii' has dense, twiggy, weeping growth with no central leader and requires being grafted onto a standard stem of normal silver birch. European White Birch is an ideal landscape tree for parks and gardens. Weeping white birch, or silver birch as it is also called, is the European birch, Betula pendula. Find the perfect european white birch betula pendula stock photo. For the racehorse, see, CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (, 10.2305/IUCN.UK.2014-3.RLTS.T62535A3115662.en. Vectors. [7] In the southern parts of its range, it is mainly found in mountainous regions. "Lack of Evidence for Impact of the European White Birch, 10.2305/IUCN.UK.2014-3.RLTS.T194831A2363997.en, "HOSTS – a Database of the World's Lepidopteran Hostplants", International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources, "Suomen kansallistunnukset (Finland's national emblems)", "Perinteinen saunavihta (Traditional sauna vihta)". [4], Silver birch wood is pale in colour with no distinct heartwood and is used in making furniture, plywood, veneers, parquet blocks, skis, and kitchen utensils, and in turnery. [1], The silver birch is Finland's national tree. Due to susceptibility to bronze birch borer (BBB), European white birch is not recommended for planting anywhere in this region and usually require removal and/or replacement. The leaf base of silver birch is usually a right angle to the stalk, while for downy birches, it is rounded. You can search, browse, and learn more about the plants in our living collections by visiting our BRAHMS website. This page was last edited on 25 November 2020, at 17:09. The immature male catkins are present during the winter, but the female catkins develop in the spring, soon after the leaves unfurl. [5] Some shoots are long and bear the male catkins at the tip, while others are short and bear female catkins. Its light seeds are easily blown by the wind and it is a pioneer species, one of the first trees to sprout on bare land or after a forest fire. The Tree is a deciduous tree, it will be 5 - 25 m (16 - 82 ft) high. The species is monoecious with male and female catkins found on the same tree. Leaf mar, gins are double serrated, leaf tip is long and pointed, Natural Areas Conservation Training Program, Black walnut toxicity (plants tolerant of), Preventing construction damage to trees and shrubs, Trees and shrubs for the four seasons landscape, Sudden Oak Death, Ramorum Blight and Phytophthora ramorum, Eastern United States Wetlands Collection. The species is monoecious (individual flowers are either male or female, but both sexes can be found on the same plant) and is pollinated by Wind. In Scandinavia and other regions of northern Europe, it is grown for forest products such as lumber and pulp, as well as for aesthetic purposes and ecosystem services. [10], Three subspecies of silver birch are accepted:[11][1], B. pendula is distinguished from the related B. pubescens, the other common European birch, in having hairless, warty shoots (hairy and without warts in downy birch), more triangular leaves with double serration on the margins (more ovoid and with single serrations in downy birch), and whiter bark often with scattered black fissures (greyer, less fissured, in downy birch). Use enter to activate. It contains around 1% sugars and can be used in a similar way to maple syrup, being drunk fresh, concentrated by evaporation, or fermented into a "wine". The tree can also be found in more temperate regions of Australia. This species has white bark that peels slightly. Its range extends into Siberia, China, and southwest Asia in the mountains of northern Turkey, the Caucasus, and northern Iran. A wonderful landscape tree with flaky white bark and terrific fall color. Please always specify the cut that you require. In terms of genetic structure, the trees are quite different, but do, however, occasionally hybridise. It makes a good firewood, but is quickly consumed by the flames. Get expert help from The Morton Arboretum Plant Clinic. [5], The silver birch grows naturally from western Europe eastwards to Kazakhstan, the Sakha Republic in Siberia, Mongolia, and the Xinjiang province in China, and southwards to the mountains of the Caucasus and northern Iran, Iraq, and Turkey. Birch leaf has a history of use for its healthful qualities in traditional herbal practices. The leaves are ovoid and the flowers are yellow. [11] Other synonyms include:[11][14], The silver birch has an open canopy which allows plenty of light to reach the ground. Our future. Building the urban forest for 2050. As they are shallow-rooted, they may require water during dry periods. Betula pendula is commonly known as the European birch. The European White Birch is one of the most susceptible birches to the bronze birch borer, which infects and kills trees. On older trees, the trunk becomes black. Summary Foliage: Small glossy-green saw-toothed leaves, yellow fall colour Bark: White, non-peeling bark that turns black with age Height: 40 to 50 feet Spread: 10 to 30 feet It is also distinguished cytologically, silver birch being diploid (with two sets of chromosomes), whereas downy birch is tetraploid (four sets of chromosomes). It grows as single-trunk tree that gradually transforms from pyramidal in shape to a more rounded, oval crown. [4][6], Silver birch can easily be confused with the similar downy birch (Betula pubescens). The seeds are very numerous and are separated by scales, and when ripe, the whole catkin disintegrates and the seeds are spread widely by the wind. The main components in the essential oil of the buds are α-copaene (~10%), germacrene D (~15%), and δ-cadinene (~13%). Betula pendula, commonly known as silver birch, warty birch, European white birch, or East Asian white birch, is a species of tree in the family Betulaceae, native to Europe and parts of Asia, though in southern Europe, it is only found at higher altitudes. 132,907,161 stock photos online. Leaf Systems International Limited, trading as Leaf Expression Systems is a company registered in England and Wales with Company Number 9351695 The University of California recommends planting birch species that are less susceptible to leafminers, such as river birch (B. nigra) and European white birch (B. pendula). The small, 1- to 2-mm winged seeds ripen in late summer on pendulous, cylindrical catkins 2 to 4 cm (0.8 to 1.6 in) long and 7 mm (0.3 in) broad. Dark green leaves are rhomboid in shape. Stop by, email, or call. This applies particularly to acidic or nutrient-poor soils. Download European white birch stock photos. FOOTAGE. Other mycorrhizal associates include Leccinum scabrum and Cantharellus cibarius. It is believed that the name “Birch” comes from the Indo-European word “bhereo”which means glossy white. Similar Images . Bark can be heated and the resin collected; the resin is an excellent waterproof glue and useful for starting fires. The tree likes Sun to half-shade at the location and the soil should be sandy to loamy, dry - moist. The trunk is slender, with white bark featuring black diamond-shaped lenticels. The gray birch has a longer and narrower point on its tip, which makes it almost seem triangular. [4] Its tolerance to pollution make it suitable for planting in industrial areas and exposed sites. Betula papyrifera (paper birch, also known as (American) white birch and canoe birch ) is a short-lived species of birch native to northern North America. Affordable and search from millions of royalty free images, photos and vectors. Light Needs. Tag Archive. Various parts of the tree are used in traditional medicine and the bark contains triterpenes, which have been shown to have medicinal properties. Betula pendula, commonly known as silver birch, warty birch, European white birch,[2] or East Asian white birch,[3] is a species of tree in the family Betulaceae, native to Europe and parts of Asia, though in southern Europe, it is only found at higher altitudes. It may grow to a height of 15 m on light soils. Simple, alternate leaves; 1 to 3 inches long. The Birch is botanically called Betula pendula. This tree commonly grows with the mycorrhizal fungus Amanita muscaria in a mutualistic relationship. The twigs are slender and often pendulous and the leaves are roughly triangular with doubly serrate margins and turn yellow in autumn before they fall. This deciduous tree has a pyramidal form when young, maturing into a rounded crown with arched branches and drooping branchlets. Yet, downy birches are characterised by hairy leaves and young shoots, whereas the same parts on silver birch are hairless. Use up and down arrow keys to explore within a submenu. European white birch was once used extensively in landscapes, but its high susceptibility to the bronze birch borer has limited its use in more recent years. The wood is often used for pulpwood and firewood. Golden brown on twigs and young branches, the bark matures to silvery white with black clefts. ... #110097304 - Single silver birch tree leaf on white background. New users enjoy 60% OFF. European white birch, silver birch, warty birch, weeping birch. Facts. It is planted decoratively in parks and gardens and is used for forest products such as joinery timber, firewood, tanning, racecourse jumps, and brooms. [citation needed]. At maturity, lovely contrast occurs between purple foliage and white bark. European White Birch is a mid-sized shade tree native to Eurasia. The ornamental European white birch and its cut-leaf varieties are attacked by both of these sawflies. Sku #1230. They grow best in full sun planted in deep, well-drained soil.[29]. [6], Several varieties of B. pendula are no longer accepted, including B. pendula var. Also known as Weeping birch or European white birch, the sliver birch was once used extensively in landscapes, but its high susceptibility to the bronze birch borer has limited its use in more recent years. [9] It is naturalised and locally invasive in parts of Canada. Betula pendula is a deciduous Tree growing to 20 m (65ft) by 10 m (32ft) at a fast rate. It is a medium sized tree, typically growing between 15-25 meters tall. [4] Historically, the bark was used for tanning. [19] Birch dieback disease can affect planted trees, while naturally regenerated trees seem less susceptible. Water Needs. Paper birch has a leaf shaped like the point on a spear, with a more rounded base. About this Product: This species also attacks gray and yellow birch as well. It is in flower in April, and the seeds ripen from July to August. Betula pendula, commonly called silver birch or European white birch, is a graceful medium-sized tree with slender pendulous branches and attractive bark.